Opinion

Understanding how China preserves its culture and history for tourism

By Morris Dogga/Victor Onyango in Beijing

The beauty of any society is to have a culture and history that can be passed on from one generation to the next and also be used to attract tourists of all kinds.

This can be made possible by ensuring that the culture and history of a particular community is appropriately preserved through the museum’s books and rooms. History explores our past and prepares us for a better future and a future.

Within my few days of stay in China, I have been privileged to visit different places and learn a great deal about how the Chinese are accustomed to their culture and history, and how they use their network to spread the tourism industry.

First of all, I have been able to see museums in which various museums have been preserved for thousands of years, reflecting the history of China. Almost every region has several museum exhibitions. These buildings are built in modern times and use a variety of methods of preserving antiquities, including using modern technology.

In addition to those museums that are specially built to store ancient relics, there are several buildings that have been preserved for thousands of years that also make Chinese history a tourist attraction.

In the town of Beijing for example, there is the Royal Palace of Forbidden City where it has existed since 1420, and the Summer Garden that has existed since 1750.

It is really fascinating to see how much Beijing is so passionate about recording history and culture. Everything within and without this capital city is a memory even what some people might consider unimportant.

In Beijing, there is an Imperial institution associated with the temple of Confucius, a great philosopher of Girlhood who is held in high esteem today in all corners of the globe.

The institute was founded during the dynasty of Yu, Ming and Qing and is a place where Chinese leaders in various periods were educated on how to be good and patriotic leaders.

To date, the campus serves as a museum reflecting traditional Chinese education, and many brilliant students from all over the country go there for training as one way to prepare for further steps in education or real life.

People visit this institution to pay their respects by bowing before a Confucius monument where he was sitting while teaching.

The Great Wall is a defensive fortress built in ancient China, which flows through many states and cities.

It is 8,850 kilometers long and is one of the seven wonders in the world, and was listed on the world’s cultural heritage in December 1987.

It was built in the western Zhou dynasty and construction continued through one dynasty and was eventually completed in the Ming dynasty.

There is a saying in China that if you can’t reach the Great Wall, then that person is a coward. Many foreigners from inside and outside China come there for a living.

Culture and history can be of great benefit to the community, if the community has appropriately preserved the objects, through books, museums, or even various historical sites.

China is a country that has shown great skill in preserving its history, and inheriting and applying its culture to tourism.

There are many things in this great country that the Chinese themselves use to study the history of their country, to look at the origin of their culture, and even to use it to attract domestic and foreign tourists.

South Sudan is a country that has also rich cultural heritage that encompasses the religions, languages, ethnic groups, foods, and traditions. But the ongoing conflict that has rocked the country for over five years remains the main obstacle to the preservation of the Cultural norms.

South Sudan should learn from China’s way of preserving their cultures by building more and modern museums reflecting the rich and unique historical sites and cultures.

China and South Sudan have been enjoying cordial relationship since 2011, therefore such cooperation should be extended deeper into cultural preservation and exchanges.

Chinese Culture, Customs & Traditions:

The customs and Traditions of the Chinese People vary from one geographical location to another and from one ethnicity to another.

With a population of about1.4 billion people, China has about 56 Ethnic minority groups. The largest group is the Han Chinese with a population of about 900 million. The other minority ethnic groups include the Tibetans, the Mongols, the Manchus, the Naxi, and the Hezhen, which is smallest group, with fewer than 2,000 people.

The Chinese Culture includes food, style, language, marriage, music and morals.

Religion: China is religious tolerant. The Chinese constitution states that people are allowed freedom of religion but there are currently mainly five official religions Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism.

About a quarter of the people practice Taoism and Confucianism and other traditional religions. There are also small numbers of Buddhists, Muslims and Christians.

Language: The main Chinese Language is the Madarin dielect which is spoken almost by about 71 percent of the Chinese population but there are other several major groups of dialects of the Chinese language that include Wu, Yue, Xiang, Min, Hakka and Gan. According to Mount Holyoke College, each of these languages have their own variations.

The official national language of China is Pŭtōnghuà, a type of Mandarin spoken in the capital Beijing, according to the Order of the President of the People’s Republic of China. Many Chinese are also fluent in English.

Food: Like other aspects of Chinese life, cuisine is heavily influenced by geography and ethnic diversity. Among the main styles of Chinese cooking are Cantonese, which features stir-fried dishes, and Szechuan, which relies heavily on use of peanuts, sesame paste and ginger and is known for its spiciness.

Rice is not only a major food source in China; it is also a major element that helped grow their society.

it is a staple of their diet, as are bean sprouts, cabbage and scallions. Because they do not consume a lot of meat — occasionally pork or chicken — tofu is a main source of protein for the Chinese.

The arts

Chinese art is greatly influenced by the country’s rich spiritual and mystical history. Many sculptures and paintings depict spiritual figures of Buddhism.

Many musical instruments are integral to Chinese culture, including the flute-like xun and the guqin, which is in the zither family.

Eastern-style martial arts were also developed in China, and it is the birthplace of kung fu. This fighting technique is based on animal movements and was created in the mid-1600s.

Ancient Chinese were avid writers and philosophers — especially during the Ming and Qing dynasties — and that is reflected in the country’s rich liturgical history.

Recently, archaeologists discovered detailed paintings in a 1,400-year-old tomb in China.

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