The main cause of the political crisis

By Omuno Mogga Otto

I would like to comment on an article that appeared on 30th October 2017, volume 7, issue number 1194 of Juba Monitor newspaper: The National Minister of Labour, Public Service and Human Resources, Lt. General Gathoth Gathout  Hothnyang said: “How long can a country be held at a ransom with one person who is not willing to listen or dialogue with anybody.

“Dr. Riek Machar is not a monopoly of peace. He is a problem to the country and to himself”.  I am sure the statement of Gathot is not comprehensively independent.   His statement is not very good. It will not help in putting an end to the economic sufferings of the people of this country which was caused by the conflict.

I don’t agree with him. Putting the blame on Dr. Riek Machar alone is not right. Dr. Riek realizes that the future of the country will not be okay if the system continues to rule the country without giving an opportunity for some hardliners who want to hold the country at a ransom.

Dr. Riek Machar became one of the opposition leaders because   the political guidelines of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) had turned from what it was supposed to be, something different.

The SPLM is supposed to sponsor the popular need of building democracy in the country.  The SPLM is supposed to create an extra vision of not only taking the town to the village, but to work harder for the unity of the country by kicking out tribalism from the system.

The weakness of the leadership associated with greed was the main cause of the problem. Now the crisis is no longer a crisis. If the current leadership of the Transitional Government of National Unity and the rest of the members of the cabinet believe that their presence in the system will solve the crisis in the country, I will not agree.

The political chaos will not go away if the process of revitalisation of the Agreement on Resolution on Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) is not done well. South Sudan will never be free from political marginalization, ethnic segregation if the ruling party does not sacrifice to deal with the political players that are creating tribalism in the country.

The root cause of the problem of South Sudan is not Riek Machar alone. Tribalism associated with greed was the main problem that brought the conflict in the country. Association of leadership with tribalism is very dangerous.

It will not favour what our people want. South Sudan is supposed to be a country that would be free from things that we previously fought the Sudan for, to achieve an independent and free nation.

Things that are putting the idea of having a strong united nation are supposed to replace the current political structure, a structure that is not favouring unity at all. If the system continues to rule the country without a massive political reformation to deal with the root causes of the conflict, the country will not be at peace.

The ARCSS has collapsed as suggested by many analysts.  The only way to revive it is by putting the interest of building a strong nation that will be immune of tribalism.

If we don’t want the country to break or disintegrate in the future, the government should be serious to fight tribalism.  If peace comes and tribalism does not go away, the political crisis in the country will remain like it has been, perhaps it will worsen. Existence of tribalism is against peace.

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