Digital avalanche 1 is published on January 12th, 2021 in the Juba Monitor and is a smooth touch on the new monetary system and the new currency payment system on the horizon.

Digital avalanche 2 is about a short historical journey of the pros and cons of the impact of the industrial revolution in our daily life and how its outcome after 200 years of dominance in our societies will affect the next generations?

Industry 1.: Mechanization, waterpower, steam power.

Industry 2.: Mass production, assembly- line, electricity.

Industry 3.: Computer and automation

Industry 4.: Cyber-physical systems

Industry 5.: Mass customization & cyber-physical cognitive systems

Industries 6.and 7 are currently in the process of being developed as futuristic visions grow.

Each of the above systems introduced during the long duration of the industrial revolution have now eliminated many jobs but also created new ones. Industries 6.0 and 7.0 that are already known have not as yet been released.

Within the next 15 to 20 years, many jobs will be taken over by industry 5.0 and will pave the way for industry 6.0 as well as 7.0.

There is no need to be fearful of these future revolutions, but we must be aware that they are on their way and prepare our foundation accordingly so that we know what we are dealing with when they arrive.

In some western countries, in Asia, and in other industrially developed countries, there are already so-called dark factories working around the clock without any manpower. In these factories, robots are working nonstop. These robots do not need to be paid, they never get sick, they have no weekends, no holidays, they don’t get frustrated, they don’t strike, don’t want a pay raise, they have no health insurance, no work accidents, no retirement, no housing needs, and best of all, the robots are more precise and punctual than humans. If one of these robots has a mechanical problem, it can be replaced, can be fixed quickly, or can be reprogrammed.

 AI (Artificial Intelligence)

Artificial intelligence, AI is already taking over many jobs from the current job market.

Traditional ways of doing business have already changed and online business meetings are now common practice. Education systems are changing and in some areas are already being used, such as online universities and distance learning among others.

In the computer field, these jobs are all of them almost taken over by AI technology. Computer programmers, website designers, coders, PC processors, computer chip makers, logo makers, automated email services are leading the field.

Jobs that were previously done only manually are now upgraded through AI technology. Professionals working in architecture, interior design, engineering, construction work, and in many other areas are now using AI technology to enhance the process.

According to the University MIT (Massachusetts Institute of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence) and other universities in the field of AI technology, AI-based techniques are impacting on natural language processing, data analytics, machine learning and improving structures for traditional health care.

More efficient diagnosis, treatment, streamlined insurance claims, healthcare operations, efficient medical records management, ability to process and annotate complex data sets with applications in radiology, telemedicine, medical robotics, medical imaging, drug discovery, medical transcription as well as payment processing are examples of the additional benefits of including AI technology.

More examples of AI technology can be seen in public and private transportation and service industries.

Those services in our daily life with AI technologies are;

Self-check-in counters at airports, pilotless self-flying airplanes, no ticket counters at the bus station and self-driving cars, although the latter is now being disputed, are part of the world today.

Secretarial office work, Dictation, Proofreading, Linguistic translation, Automated answering services, Voice recognition, Fingerprint reading, Eye reading services, Bookkeeping, Online tax services, E-filing, Online Banking, Online Shopping, Touch screen ordering in the fast-food chains, Touch screen Hot and Cold beverage services, Food packaging, Scanning products, Travel agencies, Insurance brokers, Booking agencies, The digital navigation systems and Print media will slowly but surely become outdated. Other jobs such as Librarians, Archivists, and Bank tellers are slowly being replaced by automatic digital services. There will soon be no need for big movie theaters as movie corporations bring films directly into your living room via online TV. Big department stores are disappearing as services become available at online-stores delivered to us by worldwide delivery firms.

We can go on and on about which professions in the near future will be eliminated and will be taken over by AI technology. But we must not forget that new professions and job opportunities are and will be created along the way.  

We will see more of the AI services and products in our daily life in the near future.

But the good news is that, even if industry 5.0 is up and running in many countries across the globe, the cracks are beginning to show and job markets are beginning to be affected by this digital avalanche. We need to look again at the pros and cons. Artificial Intelligence is certainly here to stay but it still needs a tremendous amount of thinking when it comes to the effect it is having in some areas such as unemployment. However, learning digital literacy is new for most people and when it comes to education, digital learning will bring enormous benefits for everyone, so we all need to get going with this new format.

This is most likely where industries 6 and 7 move in.

Countries like South Sudan has a golden opportunity to join in with the digital learning process. There is breathing space to re-structure the educational and training systems to be compatible with the present industry 5 while getting ready for industries 6 and 7 in the near future.

It is very important to see the immediate necessity of digital education.
This should be available to every child worldwide in order that each one of them is able to learn, find their creativity, and enjoy being part of the new global form of communication that is evolving via digital access to education.

Not only children but also adults are able to access the new learning systems making it an inclusive process for anyone worldwide. However, it is important to start the process now. When it gets going there will be many opportunities for ancient and forgotten trades to be taught to people elsewhere. As developed countries find themselves with less to do because of robotic production, they will be more than ready to fill their newfound time learning skills from faraway cultures.

So, there is no room to be fearful or to be scared from the above developments, just be ready to know how to deal with it with the proper tools.

Until the next article The Digital Avalanche 3, stay safe and sound and God bless you all.


UPF Peace Ambassador. 

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