BY JURUGO EMMANUEL OGASTO
Malnutrition is becoming a serious concern among the refugee and host communities in the Adjumani district; all this is attributed to the harsh climate change on the environment and abuse of the environment around them.
According to Mrs. Masudio Margret, the Executive Director for Rural Women for Healthy Food and Economic Development, many children were at home experiencing changes in terms of nutrition, sleep, social activities and school success due to the widened education gap during the long period of the pandemic.
The food ration which was given to the children has been reduced whereas some of them have opted for money.
For the children, getting foodstuff was a challenge as the effect of climate change.
Due to the climate change, there is little food produced among the host communities which made them also feed on the seeds reserved for planting in the new planting season because of the high population and high demand for food among the communities whereas, in the refugee camps, plots are not enough to cultivate food to carter for the whole family for a year.
In most cases, the host communities were the ones producing the food where both depended on it making it hard for the food produced to last for months.
There were lack of quality seeds and few seed dealers in the district leading to many malnourished children among the refugees and host communities.
According to World Health Organization, malnutrition is defined as deficiencies or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers two broad groups of conditions. One is ‘under nutrition’ which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals). The other is overweight, obesity and diet-related no communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer).