By Isaiah T. Dokuach
Leadership Integrity and the State existed since Pre-philosophical understanding of man’s destiny on earth in Free State of social stratifications, economic fits and political settlements in conducive environments,[Genesis 1: 26]. The provisions that could conduce the political, social and economic environments of man’s destiny in every state in the present world and by then, are laws of nature interpreted into human rights’ laws as a free-vertical gift to men and women regardless of cultural bound since the creation of the world by the Creator who showed trust and entrusted his supremacy integrity to his creatures [men] through honesty and humble imitation of principles and orders of his Majesty by carrying out faithfully on earth horizontally over all organisms. [United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, 1948].
This is an overall understanding of hereditary leadership which can be born or natural and to-be- make a leader with specific obligation to leadership that can classify one’s role among many as a leader through professional, social, political and economic abilities in performances to the situated environment for serene transformation over creatures that inhabited the state.
When referring to the ‘Integrity of leadership’ and the state, it is a hereditarily conceived charismatic talent from the Nature that qualified a person with the quality of honesty and trustworthiness to lead with self-confidence, self-esteem and ability of competence in knowledge to influence and persuade people of their rights to reach goals hoped destinations. Basically, the Nature is above the space in recognition of every born human being in this planet earth with gift of leading in the first hand and to be advised to lead the affairs in good faith through the process of adhering to some sources of powers such as, experienced elders of different professional careers, world volume books and the law of the nation [Constitution] i.e. South Sudan.
In every generation, the Nature prepares few of His own to lead, direct, advice and protect people from storm winds and to calm the environment. In this stormy political and economic crisis in South Sudan, leaders need to prepare their integrity of leadership by adhering to the Constitution to lead people in good faith. Politically and economically, a leader must show transparent and accountable intelligence in leadership through democratic ideals over state’s affairs with moral and ethical respect to every creature that includes other living things that modify the surrounding through amendable processes in order to change the environment.
Under UN’s Declaration of Human Rights as mentioned above, basic rights for every person of perspective continents is the code of conduct for awareness on the respect to the environment in which the basic rights of every person should be observed and preserved by political agents representing states under the auspices of the United Nations governance system worldwide. In order for a leader to build leadership integrity in the state over affairs, these rights must be prioritized such as, the right to develop, income generation through employment/family or through marriage, the right to education, the right to build on truth [religious adherent], the right to security and the right to be heard and to hear. These rights are conferred to every person on earth by the Creator and to be implemented by few reliable candidates for the application to the law of leadership integrity in the state in adherent to their Creators entrustment to them, the leadership of humbleness, gentleness and peacefulness over the affairs of the state.
In modern political and economic governances, leaders object to adjust these basic rights to their perspective communities for weakness of leadership integrity, lack of leadership commitment to serve others, lack self-obedience to others and lack of cultural ethical prospects in which the leader becomes odd to the point of effective leadership and contrary to the law of the nation that empowered him/her to lead with integrity leadership.
In the Republic of South Sudan, these basic rights should be implemented for persons of all ages; because of their natural origins from the nature by the laws and good governance in real environmental, political, economic and cultural contexts.
How can Leadership Integrity be exercised in the context of honesty in regards to human and other living things’ dignity in the state? When exercising leadership integrity, it should not be a burden to people in respect to power and authority instead of knowing our daily programs for service delivery to the populace through fulfilled promises and commitment of promoting and protecting their will as well as their security as prescribed in articles 9.
The Bill of Rights  “The rights and freedoms of individuals and groups enshrined in this Bill shall be respected, upheld and promoted by all organs and agencies of Government and by all persons”. Then article 11. About life and human dignity that states, “Every person has the inherent right to life, dignity and the integrity of his or her person which shall be protected by law; no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her life”. And to build trust between leaders and normal citizens through communication in order to iron out doubts of the day such as clean drinking water, power supply and public transports. These, when citizens voices their concerns, leaders should honor the demands because leaders should accomplish goals through humble planning of reliable thoughts for the benefit of their perspective communities.