Is peace likely to be signed?
By Peter Gai Manyuon
In fact, the crisis in this country was caused by suspicion of the unknown among the so-called SPLM leaders in 2013. The ongoing peace talks or side meetings in the Ethiopian Capital Addis Ababa might not bring a genuine peace and stability in South Sudan unless serious measures are taken. So far, the warring parties are only looking for what accommodates them not what will benefit the common citizens in the Country.
On the same note, the issue of setting up the hybrid court is not in the interest of the warring parties since all the groups or factions committed crimes against humanity in one way or the other. What likely the two rivals are looking for is forming a government of their interests. According to their supporter’s comments on various social media platforms, any agreement that doesn’t recognize their leadership is not an agreement. The two factions of the SPLMs (SPLM in government and SPLM in Opposition) are confusing their supporters daily.
Another issue could be their family’s resources that might be frozen and restriction of their travels in different parts of the world in case, the two main parties to this crisis don’t agree on the peaceful resolution of the four year old crisis. Furthermore, the issue of two (First Vice President, Vice President) if not handled well in the peace talks will lead to the collapse of the peace talks in Addis unless the two groups compromise on the two positions then, peace will be sign automatically.
The presidency, on the other hand, wanted to be in top leadership of the Country likewise, Dr. Machar wanted to be in the top leadership in order to protect himself using the little resources he might get in the process of running the government of National Unity with Kiir. In fact, the two leaders of the SPLMs main factions wanted to work together again, it’s only their supporters and the G10 or G6 that wanted the government without the two which is impossible at the moment.
The two leaders will be forced to work together by the issue of accountability since the two doesn’t want this issue of accountability to block their ways in the coming elections.
In fact, the warring parties don’t want accountability since both looked at the accountability as the threat to their ambitions of contesting any future elections in the Country. They don’t know organizing election will come after the full agreement and from there, the world will decide to engage the two to account for what transpired since 2013-2018 or more. The issue of elections should be left to the citizens of South Sudan but currently, the two leaders are soon facing serious isolations from the world and regional leaders, if they are not careful.
Evidently, the two are having serious threats from the Trump administration and therefore, their only focus at the moment is how to tackle this issue of peace initiative and thereafter; they will do away with accountability or any threat regarding their positions.
Obviously, what is prolonging the crisis in South Sudan is the fact that, the International community hasn’t identified the right choice of the candidate who could unite the Country. All groups of the SPLMs that have divided into two SPLM-IG, SPLM IO, SPLM FDs and other stranded briefcase parties have the same vision and philosophy of plundering resources and human resource.
Meanwhile, the group of G10 or G6 are seen as the corrupt leaders in the country and they have lost the market both internationally, regionally and locally even though they are trying to look for the top leadership in the Country, they lack focus and direction politically and each one of them work for himself or herself. More so, the so-called SPLM FDs are nowhere in politics currently because eighty percent 80 percent of them are blacklisted for the crimes related to corruption in South Sudan.
In addition, the regional body is only interested in prolonging the conflict since the Country has become a center for businesses and exploitation in the region. Unquestionably, leaders in South Sudan lack political ideologies.
In conclusion, the International Community should put serious attention on these different factions of the SPLMs to sign an agreement and after six months or one year later, the world must question the leaders of the warring parties to account for the war crimes committed, crimes against humanity and cases related to corruption in the Country.
The author is an Independent Journalist, and Columnist who has written extensively on Human Rights and Democracy in South Sudan. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or www.independentjournalistpgm.wrdpress.com