Group should sign, implement one peace deal

By Omuno Mogga Otto

Before the delegation from the government and oppositions finish the discussion on power sharing and security arrangement in Khartoum, in the capital of Sudan, another peace proposal which is different from the one in Sudan appeared somewhere. It was organized on the 7th of this month in Entebbe, the capital of Uganda.  The leader of Sudan, Omar Al Bashir went and meets with the two rivaling leaders in Uganda in another discussion of governance. Perhaps the Entebbe proposal is to support the one in Khartoum. Perhaps it might not support it.  Had Entebbe proposal really meant to support peace? If it is and was mean for peace, why the oppositions rejected it? The Entebbe proposal suggested that there will be four Vice Presidents. Are the oppositions wanted peace in order to gain power only? Is peace with the interest of who will get what in power sharing be a genuine peace so as to solve the roots causes of the problem that escalated tension in the country?

It is not bad for Omar Al Bashir to go and seeks an advice from his Ugandan counterpart, Yoweri Museveni. But it will be bad if the advice fail to work in favor of settling the dispute on matter of power sharing and governance. The political criterion of the Bashir about handling or looking for best diplomatic means to end the war in South Sudan is different from the one of Museveni. Some analysts may say the worry of Museveni is not about peace. It is about his political and economic interest in particular when peace exists in South Sudan. But will it be humanly good to see South Sudanese suffering from civil so as to benefit the interest of Ugandans? Trade relations between South Sudan and Uganda will continue. But its continuation should and must be favorable to both South Sudanese and Ugandans. It would not be favorable to both sides without widespread peace and political stability in South Sudan.

The issue of interest by some neighboring regional countries such as Uganda is one of the reasons that has been lengthening and keeping the war till today.

The Sudanese leader knows the problems and the root causes of war in South Sudan better than his Ugandan counterpart. If he knows about the political mentality of the warring leaders very well why then did he (Bashir) go again to seek advice from Museveni? They are talking about governance and power sharing. They are taking about security arrangements. What about federalism? Have they put the agenda of federalism on the discussion in Khartoum seriously? These are the things the people of South Sudan wanted to know. Peace is good because it will end the war. The people of South Sudan want an everlasting peace with new system of governance based on federalism. Holding elections after three years after peace is achieved is a good political idea. But the implementation of federalism system right after the agreement is reach is what the majority of the people of South Sudan are being talking about. 

If Bashir still thinks that seeking advice from his counterpart in the continuation of discussion about ending the war in South Sudan, it is okay. But he should make sure that the advice from Museveni should have a good fruits. The actual meaning of good fruits is support for real peace to the people of South Sudan.

Few days ago, the United States (US) Secretary of State, Michael R. Pomeo issued a press statement urging South Sudanese leaders to put way self-interest and work for the needs to put the interest of the nation above. It is true to believe all the leaders of South Sudan are not putting the interest of the nation above their self-interest. A leader must work for the people and promote what will make the people live in peace and harmony. Leadership is good when the welfare of the people and the nation is considered. The only way for South Sudan to stop war is through compromise. Salva and Riek and the rest of the opposition leaders must compromise for the sake of peace and economic improvement in the country. The two leaders and the rest of the opposition should not accept any proposal in any place apart from the places that are arrange for further discussion about bringing peace.  They should put in mind that what the people of South Sudan are expecting from them is to sign peace and implement federal system. South Sudanese are tired of war.  They do not want to live in war because war will politically create disintegration. War will increase the tension of ethnic division. War may divide the country.  


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