Fake news a threat to global peace
By Emmanuel Loro William
To create a safer place for all living creature, world should put much efforts in fighting, fake news, and hate speech for us to attain global peace.
Government’s advocacy groups should shows some sense of responsibilities in by ensuring that content and public Media campaigns are promoted through reliable sources. By including a direct disproof on social media, working with platforms to remove harmful content that jeopardize peace in our social setting. However, privacy, freedom of expression, free press with peace as the paramount uniting factor upon any universal laws and treaties.
The public have to be responsible when choosing news sources and the content of the information they shared online, with the government sole duty to make sure that public-information should encourage citizens to assess information against the five-point ‘Share’ checklist.
Here are some of the checklist before consuming the news: The ‘source’ of information is the sources genuine, reliable or registered by the relevant authority.
Headlines’ some are misleading, as a consumer you need to analyze the veracity of the facts, consider whether the images used are of current nature before concluding your understanding reading the headline which does not qualify news, some headlines are cooked to spread propaganda, to sell the news and many other reasons that suit the interest of the writer.
Balancing of the news before reaching to judgement of the news should have many sources not one-sided source, any news without sources is categories as an opinion and is the solely a responsibility of the writer.
The public have a national duty by taking some simple steps before sharing information online, and always develop a culture of reading beyond the headline and scrutinizing the source.
Fake news and sophisticated disinformation campaigns are especially problematic in democratic systems, and there is growing debate on how to address these issues without undermining the benefits of digital media. In order to maintain an open, democratic system, it is important that government, business, and consumers work together to solve these problems. Governments should promote news literacy and strong professional journalism in their societies. The news industry must provide high-quality journalism in order to build public trust and correct fake news and disinformation without legitimizing them. Technology companies should invest in tools that identify fake news, reduce financial incentives for those who profit from disinformation, and improve online accountability. Educational institutions should make informing people about news literacy a high priority. Finally, individuals should follow a diversity of news sources, and be skeptical of what they read and watch.
THE STATE OF THE NEWS MEDIA
The news media landscape has changed dramatically over the past decades. Through digital sources, there has been a tremendous increase in the reach of journalism, social media, and public engagement. Checking for news online whether through Google, Twitter, Facebook, major newspapers, or local media websites has become universal, and smartphone alerts and mobile applications bring the latest developments to people instantaneously around the world.
CHALLENGES FACING THE DIGITAL MEDIA LANDSCAPE
As the overall media landscape has changed, there have been several threatening developments. Rather than using digital tools to inform people and elevate civic discussion, some individuals have taken advantage of social and digital platforms to deceive, mislead, or harm others through creating or disseminating fake news and disinformation from their comfort without any subjection to editing, fear of regulatory authority.
Some OF CONTRIBUTING factors in fuelling Fake news
Government harassment of journalists is a serious problem in many parts of the world. United Nations Human Rights Council Special Rapporteur, David Kaye notes, “all many leaders see journalism as the enemy, reporters as rogue actors, tweeps as terrorists, and bloggers as blasphemers.” Said David.
In Freedom House’s most recent report on global press freedoms, researchers found that media freedom was at its lowest point in 13 years, and there were “unprecedented threats to journalists and media outlets in major democracies and new moves by authoritarian states to control the media, including beyond their borders.”
Journalists can often be accused of generating fake news and there have been numerous cases of legitimate journalists being arrested or their work being subject to official scrutiny.
Some governments have also moved to create government regulations to control information flows and censor content on social media platforms.
E.g Indonesia has established a government agency to “monitor news circulating online” and “tackle fake news.” In this situation, many questions needs to be answer by both regulatory body and security organs.
The government will say its responsible for keeping the territorial integrity of the nation by invading people’s privacy in the name of national security, while advocacy group will jump in a human right adjudicator at the end consumers are the victims.
Solutions to mitigate fake news or disinformation
These alternatives to deal with falsehoods and disinformation can be undertaken by various organizations. Many of these ideas represent solutions that combat fake news and disinformation without endangering freedom of expression and investigative journalism.
One of the most important thing governments around the world can do is to encourage independent, professional journalism. The general public needs reporters who help them make sense of complicated developments and deal with the ever-changing nature of social, economic, and political events this will bring out journalist from their hiding where they post news that hinder government effort in providing services.
Governments should avoid crackdowns on the news media’s ability to cover the news. Those activities limit freedom of expression and hamper the ability of journalists to cover political developments these contribute in exiling journalist and used media as a way to opposed the government without being subjected to any restriction from their save heaven.
The role media houses
The news industry should continue to focus on high-quality journalism that builds trust and attracts greater audiences. An encouraging development is that many news organizations have experienced major gains in readership and viewership over the last couple of years, and this helps to put major news outlets on a better financial footing. But there have been precipitous drops in public confidence in the news media in recent years, and this has damaged the ability of journalists to report the news and hold leaders accountable. During a time of considerable chaos and disorder, the world needs a strong and viable news media that informs citizens about current events and long-term trends.
It is important for news organizations to call out fake news and disinformation without legitimizing them. They can do this by relying upon their in-house professionals and well-respected fact-checkers.
Technology company responsibilities
Technology firms should invest in technology to find fake news and identify it for users through procedures and crowdsourcing. There are innovations in fake news and trick detection that are useful to media platforms.
For example, fake news detection can be automated, and social media companies should invest in their ability to do so.
Strengthen online accountability through stronger real-name policies and enforcement against fake accounts. Firms can do this through “real-name registration,” which is the requirement that internet users should provide the hosting platform with their true identity. This makes it easier to hold individuals accountable for what they post or disseminate online and also stops people from hiding behind fake names when they make offensive comments or engage in prohibited activities
Funding efforts to enhance news literacy should be a high priority for governments. This is especially the case with people who are going online for the first time. For those individuals, it is hard to distinguish false from real news, and they need to learn how to evaluate news sources, not accept at face value everything they see on social media or digital news sites.
Helping people become better consumers of online information is crucial as the world moves towards digital immersion. There should be money to support partnerships between journalists, businesses, educational institutions, and nonprofit organizations to encourage news literacy.
How the public can protect itself
Individuals can protect themselves from false news and disinformation by following a diversity of people and perspectives. Relying upon a small number of like-minded news sources limits the range of material available to people and increases the odds they may fall victim to frauds or false rumors. This method is not entirely foolproof, but it increases the odds of hearing well-balanced and diverse viewpoints.
In the online world, readers and viewers should be skeptical about news sources. In the rush to encourage clicks, many online outlets resort to misleading or sensationalized headlines. They emphasize the provocative or the attention grabbing, even if that news hook is deceptive.
News consumers have to keep their guard up and understand that not everything they read is accurate and many digital sites specialize in false news. Learning how to judge news sites and protect oneself from inaccurate information is a high priority in the digital age.
Some sources which were used in developing this content
- Maria Haigh, Thomas Haigh, and Nadine Kozak, “Stopping Fake News: The Work Practices of Peer-to-Peer Counter Propaganda,” Journalist Studies, March 31, 2017.
- 36Kelly Born, “The Future of Truth: Can Philanthropy Help Mitigate Misinformation?”, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, June 8, 2017.
- 37Reinhard Handler and Raul Conill, “Open Data, Crowdsouring and Game Mechanics: A Case Study on Civic Participation in the Digital Age,” Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 2016.
- 38Reinhard Handler and Raul Conill, “Open Data, Crowdsouring and Game Mechanics: A Case Study on Civic Participation in the Digital Age,” Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 2016.
- 39Tom Wheeler, “Using ‘Public Interest Algorithms’ to Tackle the Problems Created by Social Media Algorithms,” Brookings TechTank, November 1, 2017.
- 40William Yang Wang, “’Liar, Liar Pants on Fire’, A New Benchmark Dataset for Fake News Detection”, Computation and Language, May, 2017.
- 41Eugenio Tacchini, Gabriele Ballarin, Marco Della Vedova, Stefano Moret, and Luca de Alfaro, “Some Like It Hoax: Automated Fake News Detection in Social Networks, Human-Computer Interaction, April 25, 2017.