Disaster Management, climate change conference start in Mombasa
By,Khamis Cosmas Lokudu
The IGAD climate prediction and application centre (ICPAC) has convened three days regional conference commencing on 26th -28th of Feb 2019 for the validation of the revised IGAD disaster risk management strategy and regional framework for integration of climate change adaptation (CCA) in Mombasa Kenya supported by European Union.
The convening of the workshop follows a fiftieth Greater Horn of Africa forum (GHACOF50) held on 27th – 28th ofAugust 2018 in Kigali Rwanda, where panel discussion on understanding the gender specific impacts of climate and October, November to December 2018 consensus (OND)climate outlook preparedness and mitigation strategies for IGAD member states.
Speaking during the opening session, Mr Keflemariam Sebhatu, IGAD Program manager for Disaster risk Management programsaid, between 2000 and 2003 the disaster risk Management (DRM) strategy and Programme was developed with the involvement and active participation of the IGAD Member States. He further added that the programme represented in essence of dramatic shift in thinking and approach from disaster management and disaster risk management with programme objectives which includes elaboration of supporting policies, legislation and agreements for disaster risk management in the IGAD member states, development of disaster risk management strategies and contingency planning process, improvement of regional collaboration of preparedness and response, Strengthening of early warning, information systems and vulnerability analysis and finally development of education and training for disaster mitigation to all the member states and South Sudan is involved.
Mr Keflemariam expanded his statement saying that, IGAD disaster risk management have achieved some milestone where Disaster Risk Management (DRM) is institutionalized at both national and regional level, polices are developed and reviewed with shifts from reactive to proactive across the region to tackle issues of disaster in IGAD region. Some mechanism were also established in the different IGAD countries at the various ministries,the best example is technical advisory committee Mr keflemariam, he added.
According to the regional consensus climate outlook for March – May (MAM) 2019 season indicates increased likelihood of near normal rainfall over much of the equatorial region, with higher likelihood of supressed rainfall in the eastern sectors especially over central Somalia, eastern Kenya, and much of northern segments of South Sudan. For South Sudan the impacts and advisories for March and May (MAM) 2019 rainfall season shows the climate outlook bulletin indicating that in South Sudan, the enhanced rains in the Southern parts of the country will likely exacerbate flooding, as a mitigation strategy the climate outlook bulletin proposed that disaster risk management authority in the IGAD member states including South Sudan’s Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management needs to mobilize stakeholders and disseminate the information to all stakeholders in different ways by using media and conducting workshops to aware the public.
According to the first greater horn of Africa climate outlook bulletin, the implication of March to May (MAM) 2019 seasonal rainfall forecast on health sectors for South Sudan predicts that the country will face epidemic meningitis, hepatitis E virus and malaria cases are expected as well, however the bulletin proposed mitigation of Global alliance for vaccines and immunization to procure for meningitis, immunization country wide, integrated health WASH reposes is also expected to map possible sources of contamination and to improve access to the safe water and sanitation in the affected locations, and LLINs mass distribution campaign in South Sudan.