National News

Boma State recommends federal system of governance

By Martha David

During a presentation of its report, the National Dialogue steering sub-committee of Boma State proposed a federal system of governance in South Sudan.

“The people of Boma state demand for federal system of governance in the country. They also want general reform in the government institutions and restructuring of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA),” said Mark Nyipuoch Ubang, the state Deputy Chairperson of the Steering sub-committee.

The report on the grassroots consultation process of the National Dialogue in the Greater Pibor and Pochalla was presented on Wednesday at Freedom Hall.

The report focused mainly on the challenges citizens face since the conflict broke out five years ago.

“The citizens emphasized on the political, economic and social issues facing the states,” Ubang said.

He said the people of Pibor recommended the National Dialogue as the right forum to resolve their differences in the country because the dialogue is also helping to engage the communities coexist peacefully.

It also stipulated that people should focus on agriculture rather than depending on the oil reserves and foreign Aid.

“Discrimination within government institutions, promotion and recruitment of staff should be based on merit. We need democracy, rule of low, justice and accountability, Unity and diversity in the country,” Ubang added.

Ubang said the recommendations if implemented will improve the security situation and help citizens coexist.

President Kiir announced the National Dialogue on 14th December, 2016. It was officially launched on the 22th May, 2017. However, it didn’t start in South Sudan. It is a theory which draws on global experiences in peace-building, reconciliation, and political change. In fact, many countries have used it to transition from war and undemocratic rule to peace and democracy.

Though begun and launched by the President of South Sudan, the National Dialogue is no longer a state process.  The government of South Sudan made it independent in June of 2017.

National Dialogue is a process that includes dialogue consultations, conference negotiations, and implementation. Unlike a peace treaty, it allows the governed to negotiate and determine goals.

In addition, with National Dialogue, citizens can redefine their national unity for themselves. They can redefine what being South Sudanese means. On that basis people can also create a new constitution that reflects the values of all.

Every citizen has the chance to join in the dialogue. Through grassroots forums, civil society organization meetings, and the National Dialogue online, citizens can create answers to South Sudan’s problems.

For this to take place, though, the process of National Dialogue must earn credibility by being transparent and inclusive. Furthermore, it should have reliable guarantees that its process and outcomes can be implemented. Specifically, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Speech, and respect on all sides for cease-fire agreements are essential to the process.



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